title
Trapping, spawning and trend surveys of Bonneville cutthroat trout at Manning Meadow Reservoir during 2001
author
Array ( [0] => Hepworth, Dale K. [1] => Ottenbacher, Michael J. [2] => Chamberlain, Charles B. [3] => Whelan, James E. )
abstract
date
2001-01-01
organization
Utah. Division of Wildlife Resources
species
Array ( [0] => Not Specified )
file_path
https://grey-lit.s3.wasabisys.com/trapping-spawning-and-trend-surveys-of-bonneville-cutthroat-trout-at-manning-meadow-reservoir-during.pdf
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content
TRAPPING, SPAWNING, AND TREND SURVEYS OF BONNEVILLE CUTTHROAT TROUT AT MANNING MEADOW RESERVOIR DURING 2001 Dale K. Hepworth UDWR Regional Aquatic Program Manager Michael J. Ottenbacher UDWR Regional Aquatic Biologist Charles B. Chamberlain UDWR Regional Project Biologist James E. Whelan U.S. Forest Service / UDWR Aquatic Biologist Utah Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife Resources (UDWR) 1596 West North Temple Salt Lake City, Utah 84116 An equal opportunity employer John F. Kimball Jr. Diretor August 2001 -1- Introduction This report covers activities for the year 2001, the tenth consecutive year Bonneville cutthroat trout were trapped and spawned at Manning Meadow Reservoir. Bonneville cutthroat trout were introduced into the reservoir with transplants from Pine Creek in 1990 and 1991. Eggs were collected for the first time in 1992. Spawning trout are trapped at either the reservoir inflow or at the spillway. Eggs are taken manually from wild trout and incubated, hatched, and reared at state facilities. Methods The inflow trap was set on 12 June and operated until 20 June, 2001, slightly earlier in the year than usual. Utah Division of Wildlife Resources personnel were stationed at the reservoir 24 hours per day while the trap was in operation. Most fish were trapped in the inlet, but with a brief period of high water, some fish were trapped at the spillway (12 % ). Spawning was conducted on June 14 and 20. The overall project was supervised by Glenwood Fish Hatchery personnel. Spawning was conducted by personnel from Egan Fish Hatchery. All fish were sorted and ripe fish were spawned using standard state methods. Females were spawned 10 fish at a time, with enough fish spawned to easily exceed 20 paired matings. Females and males were spawned at a ratio of 2 : 1. Five males were deemed sufficient to fertilize eggs taken from 10 females. Eggs were water hardened for at least an hour, and then transported to the Fish Lake isolation station for incubation. Loa Hatchery personnel were responsible for egg care during incubation, until the eggs were fully eyed and then moved to the Glenwood Fish Hatchery. Disease certification was completed as required by standard protocol, including 60 lethal samples and ovarian fluids from 60 different females. Disease work was conducted by personnel from the Fisheries Experiment Station. Lethal samples for disease certification were obtained from gill- net surveys conducted on 12 June in coordination with the spawning operation. Gill-net surveys are used to compare population data and fish condition among years. Values and measurements are partially presented in English units to facilitate comparisons with other fish culture work. Trend data is reported in metric units, allowing consistency in comparisons for this type of data. -2- Results and Discussion Spawning during 2001 occurred during mid-June somewhat earlier than average (Table 1). As expected, first spawning occurred when lake water temperature reached 58 degrees Fahrenheit. Numbers of fish spawned and eggs taken by date during 2001 are given in Table 2. Total number of fish trapped and eggs taken was an all time high (Table 3). Collection of eggs was discontinued after the second egg-take. This exceeded the hatchery quota for planned stocking, but it was decided that all eggs available on that day should be taken. More eggs could likely have been taken a week later. Size of trout spawned and number of eggs produced per female was about the same as the previous year. Gill-net results are presented in Table 4. The overall catch remained high but was slightly reduced from last year (64 versus 83 trout per net-night). In most situations, a catch of 40 trout per net-night is considered good. Growth, average size, and condition of fish remained satisfactory and was slightly improved from a year ago. Hold-overs (fish stocked at a mean size of 6 inches) represented 34 % of the total catch compared to fingerlings (stocked at a mean size of 2 inches) which made up the remaining 66 %. Since stocking of hold-overs was discontinued, they have declined in the overall catch. As was hoped, average fish size and condition showed an increase following reduced stocking. This should continue to change for several more years and start to be reflected by larger fish entering the spawning trap. The 2001 spawning season at Manning Meadow Reservoir was another highly successful year. Few problems were encountered. Previous experience and good planning helped produce all time highs in egg production. Past problems with vandalism, trap designs, water management, scheduling, and reservoir fish population dynamics are being better managed and improving the spawning program. -3- Table 1. Bonneville cutthroat trout spawning times at Manning Meadow Reservoir, Utah, 1992 - 2000. Year Trap operation dates Dates spawned Number days spawned Lake water temperature (Fahrenheit) Begin End First Last First spawn Last spawn 1992 2 June 30 June 16 June 30 June 3 55 62 1993 21 June 6 July 22 June 6 July 3 62 62 1994 14 June 22 June 16 June 22 June 2 56 60 1995 3 July 11 July 5 July 11 July 2 60 62 1996 24 June 2 July 26 June 2 July 2 58 60 1997 23 June 1 July 25 June 8 July 3 59 62 1998 29 June 13 July 1 July 13 July 3 58 63 .1999 18 June 6 July 22 June 6 July 3 58 62 2000 5 June 13 June 6 June 13 June 3 58 59 2001 12 June 20 June 14 June 20 June 2 58 61 -4- Table 2. Spawning totals at Manning Meadow Reservoir during 2001. Date Lake water temperature Number females spawned Number males spawned Total eggs Eggs per ounce Mean number of eggs per female 14 June 58 245 125 170,109 369 694 20 June 61 271 135 160,020 381 591 Table 3. Bonneville cutthroat trout spawning totals at Manning Meadow Reservoir for 1992 - 2001. Year Number of females spawned Mean length (inches) Total eggs Eggs per fluid ounce Mean number of eggs per female Total number of trout in trapFemale Male 1992 27 13.4 -- 19,218 361 712 -- 1993 61 15.2 -- 61,148 328 1002 -- 1994 45 15.8 -- 57,000 345 1267 -- 1995 218 13.5 14.4 176,896 383 811 -- 1996 198 13.5 14.2 136,980 283 691 485 1997 141 14.4 14.8 92,603 368 657 271 1998 116 14.3 12.7 80,514 359 694 330 1999 296 12.4 13.1 198,895 420 672 744 2000 265 12.7 13.2 173,484 377 655 1,099 2001 516 12.9 13.5 330,129 375 640 1,809 -5- Table 4. Trend gill-net results, 2000 through 2001. CTSB = Southern Bonneville cutthroat trout. Year Number nets set overnight and (total CTSB caught) Number CTSB caught per net-night Mean total length (mm) (range) Mean weight (g) (range) Mean KTL Number CTSB from “fingerling” stocking (%) Number CTSB from “hold-over” stocking (%) Floaters Divers 2000 1 (79) 1 (86) 83 296 (187 - 391) 280 (67 - 596) 1.05 74 (45%) 91 (55%) 2001 1 (38) 1 (90) 64 310 (213 - 397) 320 (79 - 597) 1.07 84 (66%) 44 (34%)
geography
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batch_date
Tue, 05 May 2020 19:04:31 +0000
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https://digitallibrary.utah.gov/awweb/awarchive?type=download&item=35013
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